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Autism Facts

A neural development disorder

  • Autism is a disorder of neural development.
  • It is characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior.
  • It first appears in infancy or childhood.
  • There is no medical detection or cure for Autism.
  • Prominent symptoms begin at the age of six months and become established by 2 or 3 years and continue through adulthood.
  • It is one of the five pervasive developmental disorders (PDD).
  • Its symptoms result from maturation-related changes in various systems of the Brain.
  • About half of parents of children with ASD notice their child's unusual behaviors by age 18 months.
  • Children who are born underweight or premature may have a higher risk for autism.
  • Its diagnosis is based on behavior, not cause or mechanism.
  • It has no known cure.
  • It affects 1 in 88 children and 1 in 54 boys.
  • 1 to 1.5 million Americans live with an ASD. It is the fastest-growing serious developmental disability in the US.
  • WHO estimates that there are 1,100,000 cases of autism in China; 650,000 in the UK; 500,000 in the Philippines; and 180,000 in Thailand.
  • The cost of autism over the lifespan is 3.2 million dollars per person.
  • Only 56% of students with autism finish high school.
  • Children who have parents or siblings with ASD are at high risk for also having ASD.
  • Eugen Bleuler is the first to use the term 'autism' but it was applied for 'adult schizophrenia'.
  • The phrase autism is derived from Greek in which autos means self. Autism literally means “alone.”
  • The term was redefined by Leo Kanner to mean to what is called the modern autism.
  • Autism is more common than childhood cancer, diabetes, and AIDS combined.
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