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Cancer Facts

Medically called malignant neoplasm, it is a group of different diseases involving unregulated cell growth.

  • There are more than 100 types of cancers; any part of the body can be affected.
  • In 2008, 7.6 million people died of cancer - 13% of all deaths worldwide.
  • 1 in 4 people aged 55 - 74 in the US have cancer.
  • Cancer would report an estimated 13.1 million deaths in 2030.
  • About 70% of all cancer deaths occur in low and middle-income countries.
  • Worldwide approximately 18% of cancers are related to infectious diseases.
  • Worldwide, the 5 most common types of cancer that kill men are (in order of frequency): lung, stomach, liver, colorectal and oesophagus.
  • Worldwide, the 5 most common types of cancer that kill women are (in the order of frequency): breast, lung, stomach, colorectal and cervical.
  • Tobacco use is the single largest preventable cause of cancer in the world.
  • One fifth of all cancers worldwide are caused by a chronic infection, for example human papillomavirus (HPV) causes cervical cancer and hepatitis B virus (HBV) causes liver cancer.
  • Cancer affects approximately 1 in 1,000 pregnant women.
  • More than 30% of cancers could be cured if detected early and treated adequately.
  • All patients in need of pain relief could be helped if current knowledge about pain control and palliative care were applied.
  • More than 30% of cancer could be prevented, mainly by not using tobacco, having a healthy diet, being physically active and preventing infections that may cause cancer.
  • One in three people will contract cancer, and one in four will die from the disease.
  • February 4 is observed as World Cancer Day.
  • Diet, physical inactivity, and obesity are related to approximately 30–35% of cancer cases.
  • Consumption of coffee is associated with a reduced risk of liver cancer.
  • Vegetables, fruit, whole grain and fish and a reduced intake of red meat, animal fat and refined sugar are some dietary recommendations to reduce risk of cancer.
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