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China Facts

Asian country and World's most populous country

  • Official name of China is People's Republic of China (PRC).
  • It is the world's most populous country with a population of over 1.3 billion.
  • It is world's second-largest country by land area.
  • The country is a single-party state governed by the Communist Party of China.
  • China exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four directly controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and two mostly self-governing special administrative regions (SARs), Hong Kong and Macau.
  • Beijing is its capital city.
  • Ice cream was invented in China around 2000BC when the Chinese packed a soft milk and rice mixture in the snow.
  • China is sometimes a day ahead of the United States. Despite its size, all of China is in one time zone.
  • The Chinese year is based on the cycles of the moon. This is called a lunar schedule. A complete cycle of the Chinese calendar takes 60 years. The Chinese calendar dates back to 2600 B.C. It is the oldest known calendar.
  • Each Chinese New Year is represented by an animal. There are twelve animals which represent the twelve months.
  • Chinese grew rice as long as 5000 BC Archaeologists have found rice grains in farming tools and pots from that period.
  • Red is considered a lucky color in China. At one time wedding dresses were red. New Year's banners, clothing, and lucky money envelopes are still red.
  • Fourth graders are expected to know 2,000 of the over 40,000 written Chinese characters.
  • For over a thousand years, China produces the largest bulk of cotton and silk in the world.
  • China has cultivated tea for 2,000 yrs.
  • China’s money is called renminbi meaning the peoples currency.
  • The Great Wall of China can actually be seen from outer space!
  • Toilet paper was invented in China in the late 1300s. It was for emperors only.
  • The Chinese invented paper, the compass, gunpowder, and printing.
  • White, rather than black, is the Chinese color for mourning and funerals.
  • In ancient China, the lotus was seen as a symbol of purity and was sacred to both the Buddhists and Daoists.
  • During the first half the twentieth century, Shanghai was the only port in the world to accept Jews fleeing the Holocaust without an entry visa.
  • China’s national flag was adopted in September 1949.
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