The skill of riding, driving, or vaulting with horses
- Equestrianism is derived from the Latin equester
- It is also called riding, horseback riding in American English or as horse riding in British English.
- Equestrianism made its Summer Olympics debut at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, France. It disappeared until 1912, but has appeared at every Summer Olympic Games since.
- Current Olympic equestrian disciplines are Dressage, Eventing, and Jumping. In each discipline, both individual and team medals are awarded.
- Equestrian disciplines and the equestrian component of Modern Pentathlon are also the only Olympic events that involve animals.
- The International Governing Body for equestrian sports is the Federation Equestre Internationale (FEI), and it is subject to rules made by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in regards to Olympic Competition.
- The 1924 Olympics were the first at which equestrian competitions were held under the authority of the FEI.
- The 1900 Paris Olympic games included the polo competition consisted of 4 teams made up of players from Britain, France, Mexico, Spain, and the United States.
- Anky van Grunsven on Salinero of Netherlands won a Gold medal in Individual dressage at the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics.