Flowering tree predominently seen in Australia
- The tree originated between 35 and 50 million years ago.
- There are more than 700 species of Eucalyptus, mostly native to Australia.
- Only 15 species occur outside Australia. Only 9 of the species are not found in Australia
- Eucalyptus is a Greek name meaning 'well covererd'.
- Eucalyptus is one of the fast-growing sources of wood.
- Its oil can be used for cleaning and functions as a natural insecticide as well as its use to drain swamps and thereby reduce the risk of malaria.
- The oil is a powerful natural disinfectants and can be toxic in large quantities. However marsupial herbivores, notably Koalas are tolerant to it.
- The tree is single-stemmed and have a crown forming a minor proportion of the whole tree height.
- The height of the tree depends on the species and can range from 10m to 60m.
- Nearly all Eucalyptus are evergreen.
- Eucalyptus trees were introduced to California by Australians during the California Gold Rush in 1850.