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Himalayas Facts

An Asian Mountain system

  • The word 'Himalaya' means 'abode of snow'.
  • The Himalayan mountain system is the highest, and home to the world's highest peaks including Mount Everest and K2.
  • The Himalayas are one of the youngest mountain ranges on the planet.
  • 31 of the Himalayan peaks exceed 7,600 meters.
  • The Himalayas runs from West to East and forms an arc that is 2400 kms long.
  • The Himalayas are believed to have been formed approximately 70 million of years ago following a collision between India and Asia via the Indo Austrlian and Eurasian plates.
  • 75% of Nepal is covered by the Himalayas.
  • Himalayan Alpine climate varies according to the elevation. The climate also changes very quickly.
  • World's three major rivers systems - the Indus, Ganga-Brahmaputra and Yangtze originate from the Himalayas mountain system.
  • There is a constant change and development of the Himalayan Mountains, as a result of earth quakes and tremors.
  • Himalayas are divided into three mountainous regions - the Western Himalayas, the Central Himalayas and the Eastern Himalayas.
  • The Himalayas house some important religious locations of Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism.
  • The southern front moves approximately 20 mm a year and it is estimated that in 10 million years time, the Himalayas will have moved approximately 1,500 km into Asia.
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