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Judo Facts

Martial combat sport

  • 'Judo' stands for 'gentle way'.
  • It is the most widely practiced martial art and the second most-practiced sport worldwide after soccer.
  • According to American College of Sports Medicine, it is the safest contact sport for children under 13.
  • The sport was created in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano.
  • The two principles of Judo are "Maximum-efficient use of energy" and "Mutual welfare and benefit of practitioners".
  • Practitioners of the sport are called judoka.
  • Sambo and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu are varients of Judo.
  • Judo has three basic techniques called waza - nage-waza (throwing techniques), katame-waza (grappling techniques) and atemi-waza (striking techniques). The first two are the most known.
  • Kodokan Monthly Tournament is one of the earliest judo tournament.
  • An informal demonstration of the sport was made by Kano at the 1932 Olympic Games.
  • It was made an Olympic sport in 1964 Tokyo Games for men but was dropped for the 1968 games following protests.
  • Dutchman Anton Geesink won the first Olympic gold medal.
  • Women Judo was part of Olympics in 1988 as a demonstration event, and an official medal event in 1992.
  • Rating system in Judo is called kyu developed by Jigoro Kano. The rating system was based on a board game called Go.
  • The color of the belt determines judoka's position within the kyu-dan ranking system - from white to black.
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