Vital organ present in vertebrates and some other animals
- The liver is an essential organ for survival.
- Liver cannot be compensated with anything else though a new liver dialysis techniques helps for the short term.
- Medical terms related to the liver often start in hepato- or hepatic from the Greek word for liver, hepar.
- It produces bile, an alkaline compound which aids in digestion.
- It is reddish brown in color with four lobes of unequal size and shape.
- A human liver normally weighs 1.44–1.66 kg (3.2–3.7 lb).
- It is both the largest internal organ and the largest gland in the human body.
- Liver is the originator of blood.
- Diagnosis of liver function is made by blood tests.
- It is the only internal human organ capable of natural regeneration of lost tissue; as little as 25% of a liver can regenerate into a whole liver.
- Human liver transplants were first performed by Thomas Starzl in the United States and Roy Calne in Cambridge, England in 1963 and 1965, respectively.
- Liver detoxifies poisonous substances including alcohol, wine, beer, drugs etc.