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Mars Facts

A planet in the Solar system

  • Mars is also called Red Planet because it is covered with rust-like dust formed out of iron oxide.
  • Mars is named after the Roman god of war.
  • It is the planet that is close to Earth in terms of climatic conditions.
  • Its atmosphere is made up of 95% Carbon dioxide.
  • The month of March is named after Mars.
  • The planet has 24 hours in a day but 687 days in a year.
  • It has the largest volcano in our solar system, called the Olympus Mons.
  • Galileo Galilei did the first telescopic observation of Mars back in 1610.
  • The Valles Marineris located on the planet is the greatest gorge on any planet in the Solar System.
  • Phobos and Deimos are its two moons. The names are derived from twin brothers of fear and terror in Greek mythology.
  • Like Earth, it has all four seasons.
  • Water exists on Mars though not in liquid form but as water ice.
  • The Viking Landers captured the first colored pictures of Mars in 1976.
  • It is the most studied planet in the solar system, because of its close proximity to Earth.
  • It takes approximately 16 months to travel from Earth to Mars and back.
  • Mars came the closest to Earth in nearly 60,000 years on August 27, 2003.
  • It never rains because it is very cold, and dry as a desert.
  • No human had ever set his foot on Mars (yet)!
  • None of the space crafts that went to Mars have ever returned (so far).
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