Analgesic and anti-addictive for use in patients with opioid dependency
- Methadone is a synthetic opioid and is used as analgesic.
- It was developed in Germany in 1937.
- It is extremly powerful, low in cost and has long duration of action and is thus used for treating chronic pain.
- It was introduced into the United States in 1947 by Eli Lilly and Company.
- Germany research shows that it has the killing power against leukemia cells, including treatment-resistant forms of the cancer.
- In US, deaths linked to methadone have quadrupled in the five year period between 1999 and 2004.
- Despite accounting for 2% of painkiller prescriptions in the US, it accounts to 30% of prescription painkiller overdose deaths.