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NATO Facts

An organization formed after World War II to counter Soviet Russia's invasion over Europe

  • NATO stands for North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
  • The treaty was signed on April 4, 1949. NATO has its headquarters in Brussels, Belgium.
  • NATO was formed after the World War II as a counter to threat from Soviet Russia's invasion on Western Europe.
  • At the time of formation, only 12 countries, including Canada and the USA are members to NATO.
  • In 1954, Soviet Russia intended to join citing that its joining will help preserve peace NATO but USA and UK prevented it. Russia was given a formal role in 1997 and an improved role in 2002.
  • The combined military spending of all NATO members constitutes over 70% of the world's defence spending. The United States alone accounts for 43% of the total military spending of the world and the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Italy account for 15%.
  • NATO has 28 members.
  • English and French are the official languages of NATO.
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