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Oregon Facts

State in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States

  • Oregon was inhabited by many indigenous tribes before the arrival of traders, explorers, and settlers.
  • The autonomous government in Oregon Country was formed in 1843.
  • The Oregon Territory was created in 1848.
  • Oregon turned into the 33rd state of US on February 14, 1859.
  • It is the 9th most extensive and the 27th most populous in US.
  • Salem is its capital city.
  • The Crater Lake National Park is the only national park in the state.
  • Mount Hood is the highest point in the state.
  • The state flag pictures a beaver on its reverse side. It is the only state flag to carry two separate designs.
  • The Columbia River gorge is considered by many to be the best place in the world for windsurfing.
  • Crater Lake is the deepest lake in the United States and is formed in the remains of an ancient volcano.
  • Oregon and New Jersey are the only states without self-serve gas stations.
  • Eugene was the first city to have one-way streets.
  • Oregon's state birthday is on February 14, Valentine's Day.
  • Portland is nicknamed as the city of Roses for having the International Rose Test Garden where about 500 varieties of Rose plants are grown.
  • The Seaside Aquarium is the first facility in the world breeding the harbor seal successfully even though they live in captivity.
  • Navy blue and Gold are the official state colors.
  • Tillamook is home to Oregon's largest cheese factory.
  • The Tillamook Naval Air Museum is housed in the world's largest wooden clear-span building.
  • The Oregon Trail is the longest of the overland routes used in the westward expansion of the United States.
  • The Carousel Museum contains the world’s largest collection of carousel horses.
  • Nike and Precision Castparts are the only Fortune 500 companies headquartered in the state.
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