Capital of Western Australia
- Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia.
- It is the fourth most populous city in Australia.
- It is considered the most isolated capital city in the world.
- It is the sunniest capital city in the world, with an average 8 hours per day sunshine 365 days per year.
- It is the only city in the world where aircraft can land in the central business district.
- It has the highest population per capita of self made millionaires in the world.
- The area had been inhabited by the Whadjuk Noongar people for over 40,000 years before the European colonization.
- The area where Perth now stands was called Boorloo by the Aboriginals.
- Perth was founded on 12 June 1829 by Captain James Stirling as the political centre of the Swan River Colony.
- The city is popular as 'City of Light' because residents lit their house lights and streetlights as American astronaut John Glenn passed overhead while orbiting the earth on Friendship in 1962.
- The city repeated the act as Glenn passed overhead on the Space Shuttle in 1998.
- Perth is tied for eighth place in The Economist's 2011 list of the World's Most Livable Cities.
- It is home to four public universities and one private university.
- Perth Zoo is home to highly successful breeding programs for orangutans and giraffes, and participates in captive breeding and reintroduction efforts for a number of Western Australian species, including the numbat, the dibbler, the chuditch, and the western swamp tortoise.