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Quran Facts

Central religious text of Islam

  • Quran is considered the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language.
  • It is composed of verses (Ayah) that make up 114 chapters (suras).
  • Muslims believe the Quran is verbally revealed through angel Jibril (Gabriel) from God to Muhammad gradually over a period of approximately 23 years.
  • After Muhammad's death the Quran was compiled into a single book by order of the first Caliph Abu Bakr and at the suggestion of his future successor Umar.
  • The word 'quran' appears about 70 times in the Quran itself, assuming various meanings.
  • It is only religious text in which God speaks in first person.
  • It is the original ancient manuscript still remaining today.
  • Only ancient religious text where the language of its revelation (Arabic), including the dialect, is still used today.
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