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Scotland Facts

Country that is part of the United Kingdom

  • Scotland constitutes over 790 islands including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides. As many as 130 islands are inhabited.
  • Edinburgh is its capital and second largest city. Glasgow is the largest city in Scotland. Aberdeen and Dundee are other major cities.
  • The Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707.
  • On 1 May 1707, Scotland entered into an incorporating political union with England to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • Scotland is derived from the Latin Scoti, the term applied to Gaels, people from what is now Scotland and Ireland.
  • With a population of 4.8 million in 1911, Scotland sent over half a million men to the World War I.
  • The thistle is its Floral emblem. Unicorn is its official animal.
  • The country is considered the home land of golf.
  • Scotland is in the Greenwich Mean Time time zone.
  • Scotch whisky is very famous.
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