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Shanghai Facts

Largest city by population in China

  • Shanghai is the largest city proper by population in the world.
  • 23 million are living in the city as of 2010.
  • There are more people in Shanghai than in New Zealand.
  • The main language spoken in Shanghai is Shanghainese.
  • The Oriental Pearl located in Shanghai is a world-famous TV tower and an symbol of the city.
  • With 1424 bus lines, the city has the largest bus system on the planet.
  • Shanghainese kids start learning English in the first grade. In fact, English is a compulsary language for them.
  • The city is one of the few cities to have witnessed the longest total Solar eclipse that happened on July 22, 2009.
  • More sugar is used in Shanghai than in any other part of China.
  • The city produces 30% of China's GDP (1.5 trillion yuan out of 4.9 trillion in 2009).
  • 25% of the Chinese industrial output comes from the city on the sea.
  • The Shanghai World Financial Center (492 m) is currently the third-tallest building in the world.
  • Foreign residents of the city called themselves "Shanghailanders".
  • In 1914, Shanghai had 200 banks, dealing with 80% of the foreign investments in China.
  • The Shanghai Maglev Train, linking the airport to the city centre since 2004, is the world's fastest passenger train, reaching a maximum cruising speed of 431 km/h.
  • Shanghai became the largest cargo port in the world in 2005.
  • The Chongming Island of Shanghai, spread over 1,041 sq km, is the third largest island in China.
  • The ice-free Huangpu River is the main waterway in Shanghai.
  • Yulan magnolia is the official city flower.
  • A city wall was built for the first time in 1554 to protect the town from raids by Japanese pirates.
  • The city sits on the Yangtze River Delta on China's eastern coast, and is roughly equidistant from Beijing and Hong Kong.
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