Solomon Islands Facts
Island nation in the Oceania
- Solomon Islands is a island-nation located in the Oceania.
- Spanish navigator Álvaro de Mendaña was the first European to visit them, in 1568, naming them the Islas Salomón.
- During the British rule, the islands were named the British Solomon Islands Protectorate.
- The islands witness fierce fighting between the US and Japanese forces during the World War II.
- The territory was renamed to Solomon Islands in 22 June 1975.
- The islands self-government was achieved in 1976. Independence was obtained two years later.
- On 2 April 2007 a major 8.0 earthquake struck followed by a large tsunami. Another similar 8.0 earthquake and tsunami struck on 6 February 2013 at 12:12 p.m local time.
- The country is a constitutional monarchy and has a parliamentary system of government.
- The Solomon Islands' National Parliament building was a gift from the United States.
- No military forces are maintained by Solomon Islands although a police force of nearly 500 includes a border protection unit.