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Solomon Islands Facts

Island nation in the Oceania

  • Solomon Islands is a island-nation located in the Oceania.
  • Spanish navigator Álvaro de Mendaña was the first European to visit them, in 1568, naming them the Islas Salomón.
  • During the British rule, the islands were named the British Solomon Islands Protectorate.
  • The islands witness fierce fighting between the US and Japanese forces during the World War II.
  • The territory was renamed to Solomon Islands in 22 June 1975.
  • The islands self-government was achieved in 1976. Independence was obtained two years later.
  • On 2 April 2007 a major 8.0 earthquake struck followed by a large tsunami. Another similar 8.0 earthquake and tsunami struck on 6 February 2013 at 12:12 p.m local time.
  • The country is a constitutional monarchy and has a parliamentary system of government.
  • The Solomon Islands' National Parliament building was a gift from the United States.
  • No military forces are maintained by Solomon Islands although a police force of nearly 500 includes a border protection unit.
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