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Taiwan Facts

Island group located in the Western Pacific Ocean

  • Taiwan is an island nation. The island group is located in the western Pacific Ocean located off the southeast coast of mainland China.
  • Taiwan is formerly called 'Ilha Formosa' meaning 'Beautiful Island'.
  • 'Taiwan' translates to 'terraced bay' in Chinese.
  • In 1945 the Republic of China acquired control of Taiwan from Japan as a result of World War II.
  • At the end of World War II, Japan renounced all claims to sovereignty over its former colonial possessions, including Taiwan and Penghu (Pescadores), but did not specify to whom Taiwan and Penghu should be assigned.
  • Taiwan has the first woman ever to win a world Nobel Peace Prize presented to Lu Hsiu-lein.
  • Baseball is the national sport. It won the 1996 Little League World Series in the U.S city of Williamsport.
  • It is the only country in Asia to compete in the Olympic Games 9 consecutive times since its inauguration.
  • The Jade mountains or Mount Yu are nearly 13000ft tall are the highest mountain in all of South East Asia.
  • Only about 1.8% of the population is native Taiwanese.
  • Taiwan is the 17th largest economy in the world and is a leading producers of computers and computer related products.
  • Taiwan has the highest recycling rates in the world.
  • Taiwan has the lowest poverty rate in the world.
  • Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism are the three prevalent religions in Taiwan.
  • The "921 earthquake", a 7.3 quake, occured in Taiwan on 21 September 1999.
  • Taiwan, along with its neighbours, Singapore, South Korea, and Hong Kong are called the "Four Asian Dragons" (or "Four Asian Tigers").
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