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White House Facts

Official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States

  • The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States.
  • It is located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C.
  • It was designed by Irish-born James Hoban, and built between 1792 and 1800 of white-painted Aquia sandstone in the Neoclassical style.
  • It has been the residence of every U.S. president since John Adams and First Lady, Abigail Adams.
  • In 1814, during the War of 1812, the mansion was set ablaze by the British Army in the Burning of Washington, destroying the interior and charring much of the exterior. Reconstruction began almost immediately, and President James Monroe moved into the partially reconstructed house in October 1817.
  • The White House is made up of six stories—the Ground Floor, State Floor, Second Floor, and Third Floor, as well as a two-story basement.
  • There are 132 rooms, 35 bathrooms, and 6 levels to accommodate all the people who live in, work in, and visit the White House. There are also 412 doors, 147 windows, 28 fireplaces, 8staircases, and 3 elevators.
  • At various times in history, the White House has been known as the "President's Palace," the "President's House," and the "Executive Mansion." President Theodore Roosevelt officially gave the White House its current name in 1901
  • The White House receives approximately 6,000 visitors a day.
  • The White House requires 570 gallons of paint to cover its outside surface.
  • Construction of the White House began with the laying of the cornerstone on October 13, 1792, although there was no formal ceremony.
  • The White House Complex is protected by the United States Secret Service and the United States Park Police.
  • Norwegian Advanced Surface to Air Missile System were used to guard air space over Washington, D.C. during the 2005 presidential inauguration. The same NASAMS units has since been used to protect the president and all air space around the White House, which is strictly prohibited to aircraft.
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